Gottschalk Antiphonal


[sine loco], codices restituti

General Information

Script, Hands

Written in late Caroline minuscule by Gottschalk, a scribe at Lambach in the late twelfth and early thirteenth century.

General Remarks

Interlinear neumes in the St. Gall style; tonary letters are written in the outer margin of each folio drawn on tiers of a column representing an architectural support.

Original Condition

Page Height 320 mm
Page Width 240 mm
Height of Written Area 240 mm
Width of Written Area 186 mm
Number of Columns 1
Number of Lines 26

Current Condition

More about the Current Condition

Dismembered for binding scrap at the Lambach bindery in the fifteenth century. Leaves used as flyleaves and pastedowns in incunables bound at the abbey.

Book Decoration and Musical Notation


The responsorial liturgy of most feasts begins with a 3- to 5-line initial (sometimes historiated) in red with red vine-stem decoration and violet bands and foliage drawn by Gottschalk; 1-line red capitals are present in many antiphons as are 1-line initials of responses in thick brown uncials traced or dotted with red; rubrics written in red rustic capitals.

  • Musical Notation

    Unheightened adiastemmatic St.-Gall style neumes

  • History


    Written and decorated by Gottschalk of Lambach in the last quarter of the twelfth century at the Stiftsbibliothek Lambach, in Upper Austria.


    Broken for binding scrap at the Lambach bindery in the 15th century. Leaves used as flyleaves and pastedowns in Lambach incunables. The leaves were removed sometime during WWII, were eventually purchased by the Swiss dealer Hans Zinniker, and are now scattered. Many are presumed lost.