Evangelistarion

F-yb05

Amorgos, Panagias Chozoviotissas Monastery, MS 23

Athina Almpani 2017

General Information

Title: Evangelistarion

Former Shelfmarks: MS 23

Material: Fine thin parchment

Date of Origin: Second Half of the Twelfth Century

Script, Hands:

  • The main texts of the fragments are written in a minuscule script.
  • One Gospel title is in majuscule [f. 17r (St. Luke’s Gospel) : ἘΚ ΤΟῩ ΚΑΤᾺ ΛΟΥΚᾺΝ:] and in three places in the fragment (f. 17vb, f. 19rb, f. 21ra) have lines in the text in a liturgical majuscule (probably in different ink). 

General Remarks:

  • Indications of the liturgical time for the Gospel readings can be seen in the margins, especially the top margin.
  • The text contains some common abbreviations.
  • The layout is elegant and the script carefully produced; the headpieces and initials are in a different color ink from the main text, and are probably illuminated in red, blue and gold.

Original Condition

Dimensions (Page Height): 300 mm

Dimensions (Page Width): 215 – 225 mm

Number of Lines: 22

Number of Columns: 2

Current Condition

Dimensions: 300 x 215 mm

More about the Current Condition:

The parchment has suffered some damage, especially at the edges of the first folios. Nevertheless, we can be sure of the identity of the text.

Book Decoration

Description:

  • Several decorated initials.
  • Two decorated headpieces (2nd frag., f. 17r & 3rd frag., f. 21r).

Content

  • Content Item
    • Persons:
    • Text Language: Ancient Greek
    • Title: Evangelistarion
    • Content Description:

      1st fragmentary text (ff. 1r-16v) :

      Inc. (f. 1r) : [Upper marginal note : information about the time of the Reading during the liturgical year (calendar)] Τῇ Γ΄ τῆς Β΄ ἑβδομάδ(ος)

      f. 1ra (St. John’s Gospel, 2:10) : [κα]λὸν οἶνον τίθησι, † καὶ ὅταν μεθυσθῶ | σι, τότε τὸν ἐλάσ | σω· † σὺ τετήρηκας | τὸν καλὸν οἶνον ἕως | ἄρτι †  

      Des. (f. 16v) : [Upper marginal note: information about the time of the Reading during the liturgical year] Τῇ Β΄ τ(ῆ)ς Ε΄ ἑβδομάδ(ος)

      f. 16vb (St. John’s Gospel, 8:42-43): γὰρ ἀπ᾿ ἐμαυτοῦ ἐ | λήλυθα, ἀλλἂ ἐκεῖνος [ἀλλ’ ἐκεῖνος (scr.)]| μὲ ἀπέστειλε † δια (interrupted text)

    • Amorgos MS 23, f_1r, 1st frag.
    • Musical Notation: Neumes
    • Remarks:
      • The Gospel readings were probably rearranged (in modern binding) by the sequence in which they were read during the liturgical year, which begins at Easter in the Orthodox church.
      • In the middle Byzantine era, the lectionary (Evangelistarion) replaced the Gospel book as the most widely used text by the church.
  • Content Item
    • Persons:
    • Text Language: Ancient Greek
    • Title: Evangelistarion
    • Content Description:

      2nd fragmentary text (17r-20v) :

      Inc. (f. 17r) : [Upper marginal note: information about the time of the Reading during the liturgical year (calendar)] †Μηνὶ Σεπτεμβρίω Α: ἀρχ(ὴ) Ἰνδ(ίκτου) τοῦ νέου ἔτ(ους), καὶ μνήμ(η) | τοῦ ἁγίου Συμεὼ(ν) τοῦ Στυ(λίτου) (decorative element)

      f. 17r (St. Luke’s Gospel, 1:1) : ἘΚ ΤΟῩ ΚΑΤᾺ ΛΟΥΚᾺΝ: | Τῶ καιρῷ ἐκείνῳ, | ἦλθεν ὁ ᾿Ιησοῦς (com.) εἰς [εἰσ (scr.)] | τὴν Ναζαρέτ,

      Des. (f. 20vb) : τοῦ ἀρχιστρατήγου | Μιχαήλ, καὶ τοῦ ἁ | γίου Εὐδοξίου, ἐν τῇ Ὀκτωβρίω ὀκτὼ [-ω (scr.)] καὶ [και (scr.)] δεκάτη:-      (interrupted text)

    • Amorgos_MS_23_ff_16v_17r_option_
    • Musical Notation: Neumes
  • Content Item
    • Persons:
    • Text Language: Ancient Greek
    • Title: Evangelistarion
    • Content Description:

      3rd fragmentary text (21r-v) : 

      Inc. (f. 21r) : (decorative element) Μηνὶ Ὀκτωβρίω | μνήμη τοῦ ἁγίου |  ἀποστό(λου) Ἀνανίου

      Des. (f. 21v : St. Matthew's Gospel, 13:52-53) : ἐκ | τοῦ θησαυροῦ αὐ | τοῦ καινὰ [, (scr.)] καὶ πα | λαιά, † καὶ ἐγένε | το, ὅτε [συν (add.)]ετέλεσε (interrupted text)

    • Amorgos_MS_23_ff_20v_21r_option_
    • Musical Notation: Neumes

History

Persons and Institutions: Amorgos, Panagias Chozoviotissas Monastery

Remarks (history):

  • The three fragmentary parts are joined in modern binding in one volume.
  • There are two legible page numberings, not continuous. It is quite possible that when the fragmentary folios were bound in a new volume they were numbered again.

Bibliography

  • Catalogue: L. Politis, Συνοπτικὴ ἀναγραφὴ χειρογράφων ἑλληνικῶν συλλογῶν, (Ἑλληνικά, Παράρτημα 25), Thessaloniki 1976, p. 73.

    Selected bibliography on Script & Text: 

    C. R. Gregory, Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testaments, Leipzig 1908, p. 122 et. seq.

    J. Finegan, Encountering New Testament Manuscripts: A Working Introduction to Textual Critisism, 1980, (especially p. 31-48).

    P. Orsini, Studies on Greek and Coptic Majuscule Scripts and Books, Walter de Gruyter GmbH, 2018, p. 176-182, 193-195.