Vergilius Sangallensis

(Ecl., Georg. IV, Aen. I, III, IV, VI)


St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek St. Gallen, Cod. Sang. 1394 with additional material from Cod. Sang. 63 and Cod. Sang. 275

Lowe Elias Avery, Codices Latini Antiquiores. A palaeographical guide to latin manuscripts prior to the ninth century. Part VII: Switzerland, Oxford 1956 (Osnabrück 1982)., 39-41 (Printed)

Description URL:

General Information

Title: Vergilius, Eclogae, Georgica, Aeneis (fragm.)

Material: Parchment fair.

Place of Origin: Written presumably in Italy.

Date of Origin: Saec. V.

Persons: Vergilius

Script, Hands:

Running titles on each opening, in smaller Square capitals between groups of ornamental strokes and dots. The surviving colophon to the Bucolies and heading to the first book of the Georgics are in large Square capitals, with both overlined (p. 35).

No separation of words and no punctuation by the original hand; an early corrector marked sense pauses by means of one or two high commas.

The only abbreviation found on the fragment is Q' = que.

Ink olive-brown, with a tendency to scale off on the flesh-side. Script is a majestic, lapidary Square capital, apparently by more than one hand. Small interlinear corrections by the scribe, some in grey ink by others.

Original Condition

Number of Columns: 1

Number of Lines: 19

Current Condition

Dimensions: Present maximum size 325 x 350 mm. <223 x 275mm> in 19 long lines, with unusually generous margins. Ruling on the flesh-side, presumably before folding; written between two ruled lines, as in manuscripts de luxe. Single bounding lines. Prickings to guide the ruling run within the written area near the outer bounding lines.

More about the Current Condition:

Partly palimpsest, primary script (pp. 35/36, 39/40, 43/44, 47/48) had once been folded in two and used for writing Psalms, Canticles, and Prayers, saec. XII ex. and XIII).

Twelve folios survive, some only in part, paginated 7-49 (including paper interleaves), besides a number of smaller fragments, bound in a miscellany of ca. 200 pages (an offset in the binding of St. Gall MS. 275 is seemingly from a lost fragment of Aen. VI, mentioned by C. G. Müller, Analecta Bernensia III, p. 6).

Book Decoration


Ornamentation: a rope-like line is seen below the last verse of the Georgics. Lib. IV (p. 48).


  • Content Item
    • Persons: Vergilius
    • Content Description:

      The contents are as follows: Ecl., Colophon, and Georg., Titulus (p. 35, with p. 36 blank); Georg. IV. 345-363, 365-381 (pp. 39/40), 383-400, 402-419 (pp. 43/44). 535-566 (pp. 47/48); Aen. I. 381-418 (pp. 7/8), 685-702. 704-721 (pp. 11/12); III. 191-207, 210-226 (pp. 16/15), 457-474,476-493 (pp. 20/19), 495-511, 514-530 (pp. 23/24); IV. 1-18, 20-37 (pp. 27/28); VI. 656-659, 675-678 (pasted to p. 49), 688-724 (pp. 31/32).

  • Content Item



Was used at St. Gall, apparently in 1461, for binding and repairing manuscripts (e.g. MSS. 22, 248, 275, and others).

Host Volume

Shelfmark: Cod. Sang. 1394