Cluj-Napoca, Biblioteca Academiei Române, Fragm. Cod. Lat. 5

General Information

Title Graduale
Shelfmarks Fragm. Cod. Lat. 5
Material Parchment
Place of Origin Transylvania
Date of Origin 1501-1525
Script, Hands

One hand, late Gothic textualis.

Original Condition

Page Height 600 – 620 mm
Page Width 430 – 440 mm
Height of Written Area 420 – 440 mm
Width of Written Area 270 mm
Number of Columns 1
Width of Columns 270 mm
Number of Lines 7 – 8
Line Height 30 mm
Ruling red ink
More about the Condition

This is the top half of the original leaf. The gap in the text on the verso and the regular height of staves and text lines (30 mm) suggests that the original leaf had another 3-4 lines of text and staves.

Current Condition

Extent top 1/2 of leaf
Dimensions 300 x 430 mm
More about the Current Condition

Restored at the National Unity Museum (Alba Iulia) in 2020.

Book Decoration and Musical Notation


Red/blue lombards, and cadels (2 lines, 50-60 mm).

  • Musical Notation

    Square Gothic musical notation.

  • Content

    • Content Item
      • Text Language Latin
      • Title Graduale
      • Content Description

        Ad Missam  

        [r:] [Gl.] Domine deus agnus dei filius patris Qui tollis peccata mundi miserere nobis. Qui tollis peccata mundi suscipe deprecationem nostram. Qui sedes ad dexteram// [patris miserere nobis, quoniam tu solus sanctus, tu solus dominus, tu solus altissimus, Jesu Christe, cum sancto spiritu]; [v:] in gloria dei patris. Amen. Sanctus. Agnus dei. Ite missa est. In festis trium lectionum. Sanctus. Agnus dei. Benedicamus. Predictum. Benedicamus. Sanctus. Agnus. dicant in vigilia beati Andree quando in dominica evenerit et in octava eiusdem. In profestis diebus. Kyrieleyso//[n]…

      • recto



    The manuscript is similar to other late medieval choir books from Cluj (e. g. Alba Iulia, Batthyaneum Library, I.1) and Transylvania (esp. Șumuleu Ciuc/Csikszereda). It appears to be a local product, made for use in the Szekler region in Eastern Transylvania during the first two or three decades of the sixteenth century.


    Wrapper of seventeenth-century registers. The fragment was detached from the host volume at some point in the twentieth century. On the top right-hand side of the verso, a twentieth-century hand wrote: "Leveltár A 997, 1627, Udvarhely ????" – "Archive A 997, 1627, Odorheiul Secuiesc").

    In the right margin of the recto one can also read the date "Anno Domini 1623 Mensis Maij 26). 

    In the left margin of the verso, a seventeenth-century hand wrote "Salomon de Zereda" (Csíkszereda/Miercurea Ciuc).

    In the top margin of the verso, one can read "Anno 1635".

    The right margin of the verso contains annotations about the Epistles of Paul.

    Various other seventeenth-century annotations.