Vergilius Vaticanus

Georgica III-IV; Aeneis I-IX

F-hksh

Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vat. lat. 3225

Codices Latini Antiquiores. A paleographical guide to Latin ms. Prior to the 9th century, ed. By Elias Avery Lowe, vol 1: The Vatican City, Oxford 1934, CLA I.11 (p. 5) (Printed)

Description URL: https://elmss.nuigalway.ie/catalogue/14

General Information

Title: Vergilius, Opera - 'Codex Vaticanus' (F)

Shelfmarks: Vat. lat. 3225

Material: Parchment

Place of Origin: presumably Italy

Date of Origin: Saec IV

Script, Hands:

Rustic capital.

General Remarks:

Script is an old type of Rustic capital with M and N broad; H has the simple capital form; F and L rise slightly above the line; G has two forms. Each page begins with a slightly larger letter.

The original scribe uses high, medial, and low points for various pauses. Omissions marked by in the text and B before the line supplied in lower margin, or by arrow-heads in text and margin. Abbreviations restricted to B., Q. =bus, que; omitted M at line-ends and once omitted N (fol. XLL) marked by a mere stroke.

Original Condition

Page Height: 160 mm

Page Width: 160 mm

Number of Lines: 21

Ruling: Ruling on the flesh-side, apparently each bifolium separately folding; single bounding lines. Prickings to guide ruling run through text.

Collation:

Gatherings probably of eights (but this is hard to determine); one quire-mark, probably VIIII, survives at the right-hand lower margin of fol. VIIv.

Flesh-side no doubt outside quires.

Current Condition

Dimensions: 219 × 196

More about the Current Condition:

Foll. 75 (fol. LXXVI is a leaf of the Codex Medicus; see next item and Florence Laur. XXXIX.1) - all leaves now separately mounted.

No colophons, but at the end of a book there is a line of rope pattern (fol. LVIIv). Traces remain of a running title in Rustic capital on foll. LXXI, LXXII.

Book Decoration

Description:

Fifty miniatures survive, beautifully coloured, with excellent drawing and compostion in the classical style.

The first three lines of each book are in red.

Content

  • Content Item
    • Persons: Vergilius
    • Title: Opera
    • Glosses and Additions: Marginalia of different periods

History

Origin:

Origin presumably Italy. The connexion with Cassiodorus is a mere guess; the arguments for Spain seem unconvincing.

Provenance:

Belonged to Pontanus (1426-1503), later to Bembo and to Fulvio Orsini (†1600), after whose death it came into the Papal Library in 1602.