Vergilius Vaticanus

Georgica III-IV; Aeneis I-IX


Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vat. lat. 3225

General Information

Title Vergilius, Opera - 'Codex Vaticanus' (F)
Shelfmarks Vat. lat. 3225
Material Parchment
Place of Origin presumably Italy
Date of Origin Saec IV
Script, Hands

Rustic capital.

General Remarks

Script is an old type of Rustic capital with M and N broad; H has the simple capital form; F and L rise slightly above the line; G has two forms. Each page begins with a slightly larger letter.

The original scribe uses high, medial, and low points for various pauses. Omissions marked by in the text and B before the line supplied in lower margin, or by arrow-heads in text and margin. Abbreviations restricted to B., Q. =bus, que; omitted M at line-ends and once omitted N (fol. XLL) marked by a mere stroke.

Original Condition

Page Height 160 mm
Page Width 160 mm
Number of Lines 21
Ruling Ruling on the flesh-side, apparently each bifolium separately folding; single bounding lines. Prickings to guide ruling run through text.

Gatherings probably of eights (but this is hard to determine); one quire-mark, probably VIIII, survives at the right-hand lower margin of fol. VIIv.

Flesh-side no doubt outside quires.

Current Condition

Dimensions 219 × 196
More about the Current Condition

Foll. 75 (fol. LXXVI is a leaf of the Codex Medicus; see next item and Florence Laur. XXXIX.1) - all leaves now separately mounted.

No colophons, but at the end of a book there is a line of rope pattern (fol. LVIIv). Traces remain of a running title in Rustic capital on foll. LXXI, LXXII.

Book Decoration and Musical Notation


Fifty miniatures survive, beautifully coloured, with excellent drawing and compostion in the classical style.

The first three lines of each book are in red.


  • Content Item
    • Persons Vergilius
    • Title Opera
    • Glosses and Additions Marginalia of different periods



Origin presumably Italy. The connexion with Cassiodorus is a mere guess; the arguments for Spain seem unconvincing.


Belonged to Pontanus (1426-1503), later to Bembo and to Fulvio Orsini (†1600), after whose death it came into the Papal Library in 1602.