Antiphonale Varadinense

"Zalka Antiphonary"


Cluj-Napoca, Biblioteca Academiei Române, Fragm. Cod. Lat. 2

General Information

Title Antiphonale Varadinense
Shelfmarks Fragm. Cod. Lat. 2
Material Parchment
Place of Origin Prague
Date of Origin 1476-1490
Script, Hands

One hand, stately Northern textualis. Note the peculiar flourish dotting the i.

Original Condition

Page Height 855 – 890 mm
Page Width 570 – 590 mm
Height of Written Area 610 – 613 mm
Width of Written Area 350 mm
Number of Columns 1
Width of Columns 350 mm
Number of Lines 7
Line Height 45 mm
Ruling red ink

This fragment stems from the beginning of the Antiphonale Varadinense (Dominica I Adventus), whose main bulk is kept in Győr. It was cropped from the upper part of the original f. 2 or 3; the lower part ended up in Modra, Slovakia, and is now kept in Bratislava, Štátny archív, pobočka Modra, 3119. See Czagány, Antiphonale Varadinense, vol. I, p. 63, vol. III, p. 181, 198-199, 202-205.

More about the Condition

The original book had two volumes (temporale and sanctorale). They were mutilated in the sixteenth or seventeenth century. This fragment stems from the opening of the temporale volume.

Current Condition

Extent 1 partial leaf
Dimensions 390 x 230
More about the Current Condition

The fragment represents roughly 1/4 of the original fol., and was cropped from top left side of the fol. It was detached from the host volume, and was restored in 2021.

Book Decoration and Musical Notation


Large initial G (2 lines, black ink), originally decorated with a grotesque male figure, which is now barely visible. Rubricated and highlighted initial R (Responsorium), 1 line.

  • Musical Notation

    Rhombic (Bohemian) musical notation on four staves.

  • Content

    • Content Item
      • Text Language Latin
      • Title Antiphonale Varadinense
      • Content Description

        [Dominica I Adventus]

        r: [V.] Quinque terrigene... [pau]per. [V.] [Qui] / regis [Israel intende] / qui ded|[ucis]...

        v: [R.] ite. Glo[ria/ patri et filio] et spiri[/tui sancto. Amen]. R. Aspici/[ens]...

      • recto



    Johannes Filipec, bishop of Oradea (1476-1490) ordered the book in Prague for his cathedral.


    The manuscript was perhaps mutilated in Northern Hungary, in the early seventeenth century. 

    Host Volume

    Title János Lippay, Posoni kert, Vienna: Máthe Cosmerovius, 1664 (RMK I 1016; RMNy 3173); id., Gyümölczös kert, Vienna: Máthe Cosmerovius, 1667 (RMK I 1054; RMNy 3334).
    Date of Origin/Publication 1664; 1667
    Shelfmark BVM R.19
    Page/Folio Reference: wrapper
    Persons The book was purchased in Alba Iulia on 15 May 1697 by a person whose name was later erased. However, the letters still visible sub rasura, most notably a capital N and a final -nas, suggest that the previous owner was the “generosus dominus Nicolaus Orbonas” mentioned below. This Nicolaus (Miklós), about whom I have not been able to find any information, may be a member of the Orbonás family from Co. Hunedoara, rather than a scion of the extinct Orbonás family from Co. Nógrád . The full note reads: “Ex Libris | <sub rasura: ††† ††† Nicolai Orbonas?> | Cui Deus Providebit | Comparantur (!) Albæ Iuliæ die 15 Maius. | A 1697. | Ex Donatione. |Generosi Domini Nicolaj orbonas. MD.” Stamps on the verso of the frontispiece show that the book belonged to Prof. István Horvát (1784-1846), director of the National Museum in Budapest after 1837. In 1846-1851, Horvát’s sizeable library was purchased by the National Museum, and became part of the National Library of Hungary . Since the National Library already had a copy of this title, it donated the volume to the Reformed College of Cluj in 1871.

    The fragment was detached from the host volume. The host volume was rebound in 2021.


    • Papahagi, Adrian, ‘A New Fragment of the Antiphonale Varadiense at the Romanian Academy Library in Cluj’, Études bibliologiques/Library Research Studies 1 (2019), 39-46. 

      Czagány, Zsuzsa, Antiphonale Varadinense s. XV (Musicalia Danubiana 28), Budapesta: Research Centre for the Humanities/Institute of Musicology, 2019, 3 vols.