Aristoteles, Logica vetus cum commentariis
Aristoteles, Categoriae uel praedicamenta - De Quantitate; Porphyrius, Isagoge, cum anonymo commentario; Sigerus de Cortraco, Ars Priorum
The editor wishes to acknowledge the generous support of Dr. William O. Duba, Dr Mark Thakker, and Prof. em. Dr. Sten Ebbesen for their contribution to both description and transcription. All errors are my own.
Original parts written by single hand, writing a small bookhand, in a type of Gothic script (Northern Textualis). Small gauge, heavily abbreviated script, with simplified letter-forms (note variant forms of 'a' and use of straight 's' in final position), suggestive of litterae scholasticae, or university script, which is usually found in books written in connection with the major universities, especially Oxford and Paris.
The text has errors. Interlinear corrections by erasure, expunctuation and strikethrough of letters, words, and whole clauses. Mostly look to be contemporaneous with the main text: interlineal, some glosses or variant readings also added above the main text. To the Organon, Siger of Courtrai's treatise Ars priorum, was added in a small Gothic bookhand, perhaps in the early 14th C, in 2 cols., on a previously blank leaf, the presumptive outer leaf of the now lost parent quire.
No medieval or early foliation sequence evident. The fragment designated as Fgm 1 has been bound the wrong way round. So Fgm 1r was the original verso.
The leaves at present are cut down. They have wide margins, but each has lost several mm. from its original dimensions which are unknown
Book Decoration and Musical Notation
The volume is rubricated, with red paraph marks, large capitals, in-fill to small caps, underlining, and some penwork flourishing.
- Persons Aristoteles Latinus
- Text Language Latin
- Title Aristoteles Categoriae (editio composita)
Fgm 1r: initial words being "... septem [....] ad null(u)m c(om)munem", p. 55, ln 2. (4b25) the final words being "... et albu(m) q(ua)ntu(m) sit assignans sup[erficie]..." p. 56, ln 24 (5b5)
Fgm 1v: initial words being "... h(oc) non q(uia) s(u)b(stant)ia non est a s(u)b(stant)ia...", p. 52, ln 24. (3b35) the final words being "... susceptibilia c(ontra)rior(um) cum n(u)lla in eis passio..." p. 54, ln 9 (4b10)
- Edition Aristoteles Latinus. Editioni curandae praesidet L. Minio-Paluello, vol. I, 1-5. Categoriae, Editio Composita (vulgata) -  De Quantitate.
Collating test passages suggests both texts in both fragments contain many differences, both large-scale and smaller details, inclding word order, orthography etc., that distinguish them from that edited by Minio-Paluello, the Categoriae. Based on the reported readings the closest affinity seems to be with text of Ch Chartres, Bibliothèque Municipale, 497 (141), sec. XII
- Persons Porphyrii Isagoge
- Text Language Latin
- Title Porphyrii Isagoge, cum anonymo commentario
Fgm 2r: initial words being "Cum sit necessarium, grisarori [sic] (et) ad eam..." p. 5, ln 2. (I.3)
the final words being "... et ab aliis sep(ar)ante(s), diceba(mus) omne(m) illa(m)... p. 6, ln 20. (2.9)
Fgm 2ra: Anon. Comm. on Porphyrius: initial words being 'Cum sit necessarium Rationalis anima immediate exivit a suo creatore, et ideo appetit assimilari ei ... ; final words being '... de ista determinatur in libro Posteriorum'
- Edition Aristoteles Latinus. Editioni curandae praesidet L. Minio-Paluello, vol. I, 6-7. Categoriarum Supplementa, Porphyrii Isagoge, Transl. Boethii
The main text of the Isagoge is written in a single-column surounded by an anon. and unidentified commentary. The text has errors but test collation with Minio-Paluello seems closest to the reported readings of his siglum Cb (now München, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Clm 14516 sec. X ex.-XI in.)
The Isagoge commentary text reflects interests in classical rhetorical traditions and makes mention of 'Tullius in Rhetorica' (cf. Cicero, De inventione II.2-3, ad sensum, non ad verbum). This may be suggestive of locality, or have localisable significance suggestive of Italian influence in the composition of the text.
- Persons Sigerus de Cortraco, m. 1341
- Text Language latin
- Title Sigerus de Cortraco, Ars Priorum
Fgm 2va: initial words being "... <<est>> pars organica <<totius>> philosophiae, ut dicit Simplicius in
p. 3, ln 1 ; the final words being "... ut dicit Avicenna / last line: no word readable ..." p. 5 ln 13
Fgm 2vb: "... sic sophisticum … … …. …. … de subiecto est liber ..."
p. 7, ln 15 ; the final words being "... divisivus aut collectivus(?) ...." p. 8, ln 22
- Edition Sigerus de Cortraco, Ars Priorum. ed. G. Wallerand, in Les oeuvres de Siger de Coutrai. Etude critique et textes inédite (Louvain, 1913).
This text comes from Sigerus de Cortraco's Ars Priorum. This item was added to the main text, by a later hand, in 2 cols., on a previouly blank leaf. This item which on grounds of script and text has a probable terminus a quo from c. 1300, may have served to preface to the books of the Logica vetus which followed.
Host volume has 16th C. ownership inscription: Liber Magistri Bolffgangi Oschl Hamburgensis. This connects the book with 16th C. Hamburg and deacon Wolfgang Oschl, known from external documentary sources.
The codex discissus, or lost parent codex, of which these leaves were part, may have been s. XIII French copy of the Organon (logica uetus), or some other handbook or compilation of logic added to throughout the century. The texts come from a learned background, perhaps a university, or other scholastic context, although neither text nor script seems to contain any definite datable or localisable features. The leaves contain no obvious indications of their later history, until they turned up in the bindings of a late 15th. C German book.
The boards are beech, with tanned leather spine; evidence of straps from the rear board to clasps. All that says ‘continental’, as one would expect of probably a German, or perhaps French, rather less Italian, binding,