Gottschalk Antiphonal

481.51.5: Feast of St. Agatha (5 February), matins; 481.51.7: Annunciation (25 March), from the first nocturn of matins to lauds.


New Haven, CT, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, MS 481.51.5 and MS 481.51.7

General Information

Script, Hands

Written in late Caroline minuscule by Gottschalk, a scribe at Lambach in the twelfth and early thirteenth century

General Remarks

Interlinear neumes in the St. Gall style; tonary letters are written in the outer margin of each folio drawn on tiers of a column representing architectural support.

Original Condition

Page Height 308 – 320 mm
Page Width 240 – 243 mm
Height of Written Area 240 mm
Width of Written Area 186 mm
Number of Columns 1
Number of Lines 26

Book Decoration and Musical Notation


The responsorial liturgy of most feasts begins with a 3- to 5-line initial in red with red vine-stem decoration and violet bands and foliage drawn by Gottschalk; 1-line red capitals are present in many antiphons as are 1-line initials of responses in thick brown uncials traced or dotted with red; rubrics written in red rustic capitals.



Written and decorated by Gottschalk of Lambach in the last quarter of the twelfth century at the Stiftsbibliothek Lambach, in Upper Austria


Broken for binding scrap at the Lambach bindery in the 15th century. Leaves used as flyleaves and pastedowns in Lambach incunables. The leaves were removed sometime during WWII and were eventually purchased by the Swiss dealer Hans Zinniker. The Beinecke leaves were acquired from New York dealer Hans P. Kraus in 1965.